The scholars are required to use a format depending on the number of sources used in the thesis, setting of the sources in the chapters and the source where the information was taken from. Each element is vital for proper bibliographic listing. Please remember all your bibliography helps other scholars to find resources they may not have known to have existed before. It also facilitates the referees or examiners of the thesis or research paper to trace the steps a student took in preparing his research work.
A citation is a reference to a published or unpublished source.
How to Write a Bibliography – Examples in MLA Style
More precisely, a citation is an abbreviated alphanumeric expression fixed in the body of an intellectual work that denotes an entry in the bibliographic references section of the work for the purpose of acknowledging the relevance of the works of others to the topic of discussion. By citing the work of a particular scholar, students can acknowledge and respect the intellectual property rights of that researcher. A student can draw on any of the millions of ideas, insights and arguments published by other writers, many of whom have spent years researching and writing. All that is needed is to acknowledge their contribution in building newer assignments.
Research scholars must take advantage of the works of others while researching their own topic. One of the reasons behind citing sources and compiling an extensive and logical bibliography is to prove that you have done some valid research to back up your logic and claims. Readers of the thesis can refer to the citation in the bibliography and then go look up the material themselves.
I want to point out here, that a well reported bibliography influences positively the examiners of the thesis. The examiners can double check a claim or interpretation done by the research scholars. The research work shapes up stably when the scholar reads up more and collects lot of references.
More information and more reading make the researcher an expert on his chosen topic. He braces the ability to explain the content of the sources and assess their usefulness. He can use and share this information with others who may be less familiar with certain terms. A good researcher will gather sources, analyze them and discuss them with experts. The bibliography is the key element of a thesis which is used to judge the quality of the work done by the researcher. Therefore, use up-to-date resources and be sure you know how to cite the references.
Please do not ignore the nuances of a bibliography. It exhibits your critical thinking, it proves you have read and understood your sources, it establishes your work as a valid source and you as a competent researcher, and it situates your study and topic in a continuing professional conversation. And lastly, your bibliography might stimulate other researchers to carry on further work on your chosen topic of research.
Indeed bibliography is an essential factor be it in assignment or even while writing paper or for ph. Very very enlightening article. Thank u Madam. Why Bibliography is important in research? Very interesting piece of writing. I read and had understood what a bibliography is, components of bibliography, importance among others. Dear all I am so glad that you all have liked the article and found it useful.
Writing a Bibliography
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Learn how your comment data is processed. LOG IN. Smith, John Jacob Jingleheimer et. Occasionally, you will come across a source without a listed author.
Writing Bibliography for Research Paper: Step-by-Step Tips
This is especially common when citing newspaper articles and articles from the Internet. When this happens, you should simply move to the next step of your citation. For newspapers and magazines, you should include the author, the article title in quotation marks , the title of the newspaper or publication in italics , the date of publication, and the page numbers from which the information was gathered.
When you are citing an online source, do your best to include the following: the author, the title of the article or page, the name of the website, the website publisher if available , the date of publication, and the specific web address or URL. Johnson, Mary Anne. If you are citing a personal interview - that is, one you conducted yourself - the citation structure is simple.
Include the name of the interviewee, last name first, then "Personal interview," and the date the interview was conducted.
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The result should look like this:. If you are citing an interview performed by someone else, your citation should begin with the interviewee's name, last name first, just like the personal interview. What follows depends on the format of the interview. If it appears in a printed publication like a book or magazine, the title of the publication in italics comes next, followed by any volume or issue numbers in plain text, followed by the year, followed by the page numbers in which the interview appears.
Subject, Anne. Interview with Anne Author. Amazing Interviews Magazine , vol.
Before you write
If the interview has a title of its own, independent of the work it's published in, be sure to include it in quotations in place of "Interview with Anne Author. If the interview is one part of a television program or other broadcast medium, follow the same pattern above, but omit reference to volume, issue and page number. Instead, include the interviewer's name as "By [name]" after the show's title, along with year of broadcast. Many research papers may call on you to cite a film or television program.
The rules for citation are fairly straightforward. In the case of a film, the format starts with the film title in italics, followed by "Directed by [name of director or directors]," then the film studio and release year. You can include noteworthy performances just after the directors if you choose.
Here's one without performers:. A Citable Film. A Citable Film II. Citing a television program follows the same format, but includes the episode title and ideally a specific airing date. The format should be: title of episode in quotation marks; title of show in italics; any season or episode information that would help readers locate the episode; "written by" and "directed by" with names for each, production company, and date of broadcast.
Here's how:. If you watched the episode through a streaming service, you should include the service name in italics and a link after the date. AnneFlix , www. Citing speeches, lectures, conferences and other spoken material is only slightly different from citing interviews and print material. The entry should follow the pattern of: name of speaker, last name first; title of speech in quotation marks; name of event at which speech was given; date in day-month-year order; location. For example:. If you want to cite conference proceedings rather than a specific speech or event, your citation should follow the pattern of: proceedings editor, last name first; conference title in italics; conference date and location, publisher, date of publication.
Note that the date will often be in the title of the proceedings; if that is the case, there's no need to include it at the end. Here's an example:. Editor, Anne.